Home Green Tech How to...

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine DIY Guide


Today I found out how to build a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT), and it works by the same principle those huge, high-powered wind turbines do, but they are much more easy and less expensive to build.

Here’s a brief description of the VAWT’s functioning and manufacturing instructions. That’s the basic info, you can get more from the manufacturer’s website (make sure you come back after you visit them).

The vertical axis wind turbine‘s alternator has two 12 inch diameter rotors that each have 12 neodymium disk magnets measuring 1.47 inche in diameter and .6 inches thick. Between the rotors is the stator consisting of 9 coils of awg #20 wire, 200 turns each. The coils are arranged to produce 3-phase ac.

Each phase has 3 coils wired in series. There are 3 full wave bridge rectifiers, one for each phase. Each is isolated from the other. All three rectified dc outputs are wired together in parallel and the dc is sent via cable to the battery bank.

The stator is made by sandwiching the coils between two pieces of epoxy fiber glass board, the kind used in the manufacture of printed circuit boards. The top and bottom sheets, each 1/16 inch thick, are held together with bolts. They have reinforcing ribs added for stiffness. Power is brought out by means of stainless steel machine screws.

If you’d like to build one yourself, you must know it can theoretically produce 316W, by the formula:

“Watts = Conversion constant * Betz limit * efficiency * area in sq. m * wind^3

In a perfectly efficient turbine,

Watts = .05472 * 59% * 100% * 4.46 * 13^3 =316 watts”

Of course, things are far from perfect, the guys that made this said they got 70W out of it. That’s pretty good! Make a few similar vertical axis wind turbines, put them on your block and you’ll never pay for electricity again! (more or less – depending on your consumption habits). Anyway, if you live in an area with high winds, these devices can charge some 12V car batteries so they power your home for the morning and evening, when you get back from work. During the night and the day, they accumulate energy from the wind turbine. The only serious “permanent” consumer would be your fridge.

(Visited 8,968 times, 1 visits today)


  1. Want the answer how to store energy from electricity produced from a wind turbine pass the current via two platinum electrodes in a u tube one electrode gives off oxygen the other gives off hydrogen collect the hydrogen as bottled gas burn the hydrogen when you want to drive a steam turbine which produces electricity burning hydrogen is environmently friendly in the future cars will be powered by hydrogen

  2. would it be possible to fit one of these to the roof of my box camper van? i’m thinking of wooden decking the roof so easy fix….someone said that if you drive along with it on any power generated would be lost in fuel due to drag… but i think they are wrong…any views?

  3. hi everyone.
    Now then cost of VAWT construction. MMMMM. Where can I get cheap magnet wire from. Ah yes. Motors. Strip vaccuum cleaner motors, washing machine motors, microwave transformers etc. How many get taken to landfill or melted down? Now magnets. Microwaves have two ceramic magnets. Ok not nyodim ones but they work. Make a layered PMG. Rotor stator rotor. Rotor stator rotor. To get more power. You wont get Kilowatts but you will get watts. I even make turbines from ceiling fans. I always look for the cheapest easiest and reproductable ways of doing things. Now the vanes. Small machines can be made with microwave cases. Bigger ones with washing machine case. How do I make a Lenz vane I hear? Easy. Plastic pipe from a skip. Cut in half and your wing is bolted to the microwave panel you cut out or washing machine one. Only use info from the net as your guide and let your inventiveness surface. Now solar and wind electronic controllers. MMMMMM. Where to get components for free. Thier in front of me. That pile of microwaves, tvs, monitors, radios in front of me. Circuits and schematics for basic usable units can be googled. How to wire it all up can be googled too. I have activated followup comments so I will know of any posts. I will gladly assist anyone who asks as much as I am able. Here is my website so you can see what micro generation looks like and what I am researching. Enjoy the experience. Dont make it a chore. https://sites.google.com/site/alternativediyenergy/

  4. How does one bend a helical blade and wrap it around the center support? Are there any experts that come here now and then or are we all just curious prospects? Or is it that due to safety concerns, they snub us as some people here appear that they shouldn’t be climbing a ladder, much less messing with electricity as they do not even know which end the voltage comes out of?

  5. Boy, it does’nt look like anybody visits this page very often. I am also looking for a real good low rpm 48v pma plan. I do not want 12 or 24v they heat up to much. Im not looking for any of those plans that you pay $47-$50 for either they are junk. Im looking for somebody that has built there own that works real good and i do not like the single phase very much, it takes to much energy to run them.

  6. Hey, i have been building my own wind generator and have found some things out about it that i think i will share with others. Building the regular wind mill or the vertical one which is the one i am doing is not the problem, infact that is the easy part. The pma is even easy to build but most instructions don’t show what to do after that, like how to wire everything after the pma to the batteries. Everybody thinks they can do this and save big on thier power bills but it’s not so. They say it’s real cheep to build all of this but it’s not so. If you can get all the stuff together by scrounging for you wind mill that is the way to go but the rest is not cheep, they say you can build the whole thing for under a $100 but the magnet wire is over a $100 all on it’s own and the magnets are not cheep either and there is the charge controler and volt meter, rectifiers, wire, inverter and now the expensive part, the batteries. Batteries are not cheep anymore, one 6v deep cycle is over a$120-140 and a used forklift battery can be $800+, new ones are over $4000, if you want to run your home on this you just lost any savings on your power bill and about the time you start to make a savings it’s time to replace the batteries and start all over. Also most pma’s do not put out enough power to keep up with keeping the batteries charged and supply the home load at the same time and the batteries drain down to far and never charge all the way back up and end up going bad. the only way to keep the batteries good is to stay grid tied so when the wing mill is not keeping up then it switches over to the grid to run a battery charger. There is no savings. The only thing i am doing it for is to run some things in my green house and have backup power to run things in my home when the power gose out.

  7. iam also very interested in building the turbine and generator (VAWT) that you build ,
    please would you like to share any drawing ,instruction or detailed information ? i want to build it

    thank very much

  8. Do you know if you have to obatin permission before you are allowed to build the wind turbines in your neighbourhood? Would obviously be of benefit to the community so am thinking the authorities should be ok with it.

    • Hi DS The VAWT has inherent problems: if it’s erected low down, the winds are slower due to landscape “friction” trees, bushes etc, also it needs to be fenced off so that visitors’ kids don’t get hurt. If you build it high, the vertical structures convert to bending moments so you need more than just a single pole to fix it to. When you have erected a mast there are usually problems, Town Planning permissions , building regulations permits. And when it’s working , in some countries the electrical safety compliances need to be verified as well. Sorry , horribly pessimistic post, but it’s cheaper to check first than make a rig you aren’t allowed to use.

  9. iam also very interested in building the turbine and generator (VAWT) that you build ,Do you have any drawing ,instruction or detailed information ?

  10. I am very interested in building the turbine and generator (VAWT) that you build. Do you have any drawings, instructions or detailed information?
    Thank you,

  11. Could I please get the plans and also could you put the formula for wattage into lamens terms. I know basic electricy math, but not this formula and how to apply it.

  12. I would love to make a small vertical (VAWT) for my shed in the backyard. I just want to be able to run the average tools like skill saw, drill, small table top saw and or a light. I am wondering if there is any other way to make the electricity other then the copper coils??? I want to make it a “floating” (VAWT) using the opposite pull from 2 neodymium batteries. I would like to know if it would be possible to use some sort of a gear system with a generator. If so….what type of generator would be the best to use. I have no experience with any of this sort of thing and could use any info that you could give me.

  13. I am very interested in building the turbine and generator (VAWT) that you build. Do you have any drawings, instructions or detailed information?
    Thank you,

  14. This is a great project for free energy and it can deliver great results. I read a lot about how to create your own energy and this vertical axis wind turbine one of the best methods. As you said, we just need to take a few steps ahead and free energy will be affordable for everyone and more efficient than today.

  15. im still a bit confused on how to make something like this but could u send me somthing a bit more specific on the wiring and the body except the wind things cus im planning something like a helix design and how does the wiring produce electricity???


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.