Scientists from the University of Queensland conducted a survey based on 30,000 scientific peer-reviewed papers published over the past 20 years, identifying that 97.1% of the studies found climate change to be caused by human activities.
The findings were published in the journal Environmental Research Letters earlier this week. It was concluded that among scientists, there is a strong consensus about the causes of climate change.
John Cook, one of the co-authors of the study, however, pointed out that the general public does not agree with the scientific findings. Last October it was established that only 42% of the Americans believe climate change is anthropogenic.
The authors are certain that this gap in perception is caused by lobbying efforts of the industry to undermine the importance of the scientific findings. It is also stated that this is a main reason for the lack of political action against climate change.
The extensive survey was conducted in collaboration with numerous volunteers, who took part in the revision of the scientific abstracts. The authors are convinced that such strong conclusions will encourage some political action, and hopefully close the gap between public perception and science.
Many leading scientists, however, are still not entirely convinced that educating the public could help shaping up policies.