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Oceans Reduce the Rate of Climate Change But Only Temporarily, Study Says

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The tide comes in as the sun sets on the seafront in ScarboroughWorld’s oceans are known for their ability to absorb heat and control the increase in global temperatures. An international team of climatologists, however, published a study in the latest issue of Nature Climate Change, indicating that if this heat is to be released back to the atmosphere, the consequences could be severe and irreversible.

For a few years now, it has been clear among scientists that the effect and rates of warming have slowed down since the year 2000. Experts from France and Spain tried to establish the reasons behind this and found that oceans absorbed more heat from the atmosphere around 2000, however they warned that if this is the only reason, then the slow down is only a temporary phenomenon.

According to Virginie Guemas, a scientist at the Catalan Institute of Climate Sciences in Barcelona, and lead author of the study, returning of heat to the atmosphere is very likely to occur in the next decade. Guemas and team used a series of model simulations to demonstrate that La Nina events in 2000 cooled the Pacific ocean, while similar weather events acted upon the Atlantic.

Commenting on the study, Caroline Katsman of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, points out that the study confirms findings of earlier research conducted by her institute. She adds that the heat could be released back to the atmosphere as part of the El Nino and La Nina Pacific oscillations.

Another study recently published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters by  Kevin Trenberth, of the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research, points out that the effects of global warming are now noticed not only in raising air temperatures, but also deep in the oceans.

In 2010, governments and international organizations agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in their attempt to limit warming to 2 degrees Celsius. This is considered to be the threshold for severe changes.

Although UN’s World Meteorological Organization reported that last year has been the second warmest since the 1850s, after 1998, some governments are still skeptical and do not acknowledge man-made climate change as problem.

The U.N panel of climate scientists, however, stated that human activities are the main cause for variation in climate patterns.

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3 COMMENTS

  1. After founding Magnetic Power Inc in the mid-eighties, Mark Goldes and MPI proceeded to develop most of the fraudcraftings which would serve as Goldes’ offerings in fraudcraft for the next thirty years, not only at MPI, but also at Chava Energy LLC, and at his so-called “Aesop Institute.” Goldes’ partnership with Hagen Ruff, the other Co-founder (as well as CEO) of Chava Energy LLC, gave the Goldes-MPI fraudcraft a new lease on life, and accordingly it may now be termed most properly the “Goldes-Ruff Fraudcraft.” For the past five years or more, while serving as a Co-founder and a Chief Officer of Chava Energy LLC, Goldes used his mgoldes @ chavaenergy dot com email address as his Aesop Institute email address as well, at least until his very recent ejection from Chava Energy. In practice, Goldes made continual use of Aesop Institute to bring investors to Chava Energy, which for five years has based its pretenses on nearly all the same fraudcraft used by Goldes at Aesop Institute. The common fraudcraft included the fraudcraftings of pretended development of water-fueled “Fractional Hydrogen” engines, of generators supposedly powered by Zero Point Energy, of “Ultraconductor” wire and “Ultraconductor” energy storage systems, and of strictly ambient heat engines – along with endless false claims that these concepts were currently being “prototyped,” and would soon provide wonderful alternatives to fossil fuels.
    For five years, Hagen Ruff allowed Mark Goldes, a Co-founder as well as a Chief Officer of Chava Energy, not only to use his mgoldes @ chavaenergy dot com email address to solicit loans to Goldes’ so-called “Aesop Institute,” but simultaneously to solicit loans to Aesop Institute and investments in Chava Energy in the course of discussions and communications with prospects who had reached Goldes by way of aesopinstitute. In effect, Ruff allowed Aesop Institute to become a fund-raising extension of Chava Energy. Starting in 2009, if not before, Goldes posted thousands of fraudulent comments advertising the aesopinstitute website and promoting the Goldes-Ruff fraudcraftings on dozens of different websites. On Huffington Post alone, as the user “Overtone,” he posted over three thousand such comments. When people contacted Goldes after visiting the aesopinstitute website, they would learn from Goldes not only about Aesop Institute but also about Chava Energy, and Goldes would solicit loans to Aesop Institute or investment in Chava Energy, whichever the prospect preferred, at the same time. This was his standard practice for years. By allowing this entangling of Aesop Institute with Chava Energy LLC, Ruff has incurred responsibility not only for the false and fraudulent pretenses of Chava Energy, but for those of Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” as well. For this reason, although neither the Kenneth Rauen strictly ambient heat engine pretense nor the Boris Kondrashov self-powered turbine pretense have been directly used or presented by Chava Energy, as they have by Aesop Institute, they still deserve full recognition within the ensemble of Goldes-Ruff fraudcraftings.
    For five years since it was founded, Chava Energy LLC tried to promote itself chiefly by means of false and fraudulent claims and pretenses, that it was developing “revolutionary energy breakthroughs,” including “Fractional Hydrogen” engines utilizing nonexistent states of hydrogen, magical Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, and magnetic generators supposedly harnessing Zero Point Energy.
    An “MPI Overview And Summary” produced by MPI in late 2008 actually lists Hagen Ruff as the Chief Executive Officer of MPI, as well as a Director of MPI; Mark Goldes, who had been the CEO of MPI for two decades, is listed only as Chairman. This document also shows that a major component 0f the Goldes-Ruff Fraudcraft was already well developed in 2008: namely, the fraudulent pretense that the worthless “revolutionary breakthroughs” claimed by Goldes and Ruff could provide alternatives to fossil fuels and thereby shift the global economy “from one dependent on fossil fuels to one that exists on clean, fuel-free, distributed power” and thereby “help offset the consequences of global warming.” At the time when Hagen Ruff, as CEO of MPI, allowed this and many similar statements to be included in the 2008 “MPI Overview,” MPI was claiming among its “breakthroughs” all but one of the seven fraudcraftings – all but Kondrashov’s self-powered air compressor, which
    Goldes discovered in 2013. Ruff and Goldes knew perfectly well that not one of MPI’s six claimed “breakthroughs” represented anything more thanan empty pretense.
    If Chava Energy’s claims regarding their pretended Revolutionary Breakthrough development of “Fractional Hydrogen” “SPICE” engines, Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, “Ultraconductor” wire, “Ultraconductor Energy Storage Systems,” and Zero Point Energy harvesting “MagGen” generators were not false and fraudulent, why did Hagen Ruff suddenly remove those claims from Chava’s website?
    In fact, all of those fraudulent claims came originally from the very same source: Chava Energy Co-founder and Chief Market Research Officer Mark Goldes, and Goldes’ previous company, Magnetic Power Inc.
    We do find and state that Hagen Ruff’s Chava Energy LLC has made a great many utterly false and fraudulent claims and statements, showing very unscrupulous dishonesty, on the matters of “Fractional Hydrogen” engines, Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, and “MagGen”
    generators that supposedly harness Zero Point Energy. Chava Energy’s claims and statements regarding “Ultraconductor” wire and “Ultraconductor Energy Storage Systems” were also false and dishonest in various ways.
    The relentless and pervasive dishonesty, fraudulence, and unscrupulousness, that characterized Mark Goldes’ use of his company Magnetic Power Inc for over twenty years prior to the founding of Chava Energy LLC, has also characterized Mark Goldes’ and Hagen Ruff’s use of Chava Energy LLC and Aesop Institute since 2009.
    If there had ever been any chance at all that Chava Energy LLC could be transformed into an honest and honorable company despite its five-year specialization in fraudcraft, that chance was wiped out by Hagen Ruff’s most recent communications, in which he embarked on some brand new pretenses, no less ludicrous than his fraudcraft of “Fractional Hydrogen.” He now wants to pretend that his very active Co-founder, Mark Goldes, the very same person who has been his Chief Liar for five years, was actually never a part of Chava Energy, at all! And he also now wants to pretend that none of Chava Energy’s fraudcraftings came from Mark Goldes or MPI – even though, in fact, they all did – every one of them.
    http://intlphysicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/category/goldes-ruff-fraudcraft/

  2. Aesop Institute is a wonderfully elaborate fraud, operated by Mark Goldes.
     
    Mark Goldes, starting in the mid-seventies, engaged for several years in the pretense that his company SunWind Ltd was developing a nearly production-ready, road-worthy, wind-powered “windmobile,” based on the windmobile invented by James Amick; and that therefore SunWind would be a wonderful investment opportunity.
    After SunWind “dried up” in 1983, Goldes embarked on the long-running pretense that his company Room Temperature Superconductors Inc was developing room-temperature superconductors; and that therefore Room Temperature Superconductors Inc would be a wonderful investment opportunity. He continues the pretense that the company developed something useful, even to this day.
    And then Goldes embarked on the pretense that his company Magnetic Power Inc was developing “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on “Virtual Photon Flux;” and then, on the pretense that MPI was developing horn-powered “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on the resonance of magnetized tuning-rods; and then, on the pretense that his company Chava Energy was developing water-fueled engines based on “collapsing hydrogen orbitals;” and then, on the pretense that he was developing ambient-heat-powered “NO FUEL ENGINES.” Goldes has even claimed that Jacob T. Wainwright already patented an ambient-heat-powered engine 100 years ago – even though Wainwright himself certainly never made any such claim, at all. Wainwright’s only patent for a turbine or engine was not for any ambient-heat-powered engine, but for a pressurized-gaseous-fluid-powered engine. The innovation of the patent was the use of water to reduce speed – not any use of ambient heat.
    Goldes’ forty-year career of “revolutionary invention” pretense has nothing to do with science, but only with pseudoscience and pseudophysics – his lifelong stock-in-trade.
     
    I have spent months investigating the career of Mark Goldes, Aesop Institute’s Perpetual Scam Machine.
    1976: Goldes seeks investors with fraudulent claims to have developed a nearly production-ready, road-worthy, wind-propelled, wind-rechargeable “windmobile” that could reach 60 mph. Goldes has never developed any roadworthy windmobile.
    1998: Goldes fools the gullible US Air Force with his “room temperature superconductor” scam, receiving over four hundred thousand dollars in “Innovative Research” grants. Goldes has never produced any superconductor.
    2005: Goldes seeks investors with fraudulent claims that his company, MPI, is developing “Magnetic Power Modules” based on “Virtual Photon Flux.”
    2008: Goldes seeks investors with fraudulent claims that “MPI is also developing breakthrough magnetic energy technologies including POWERGENIE (Power Generation of Electricity by Nondestructive Interference of Energy).” The basic idea of POWERGENIE is to generate electricity from sound energy, by blowing a horn at a magnetized tuning rod. Goldes claims to have “run an electric car for more than 4,800 miles with no need to plug-in.” According to Goldes, “[MPI] Revenues from licenses and Joint Ventures are conservatively projected to exceed $1 billion annually by 2012.”
    2009: Goldes seeks investors with fraudulent claims that his latest scamporation, Chava Energy, “has been developing enhanced theoretical and practical paths that lead towards commercialization of energy conversion systems that utilize hydrinos.” He now claims to be “developing a Self Powered Internal Combustion Engine – SPICE(tm) powered by hydrinos.” (“Hydrinos” are pure fiction and do not exist.)
    “For over 20 years Mark Goldes has claimed his company MPI has been developing machines that generate energy for free. In over 20 years his company has not presented one shred of evidence that they can build such machines…
    “For the past five years Mark Goldes has been promising generators ‘next year.’ He has never delivered. Like ‘Alice in Wonderland’ there will always be jam tomorrow, but never jam today.”
    – Penny Gruber, December 2008
    – Gruber’s comment was written almost five years ago – but it’s just as true today – except that MPI, Goldes’ corporation that he claimed would bring in one billion dollars in revenue from his horn-powered generator in 2012, is now defunct, having never produced any “Magnetic Power Modules” – just as his company called “Room Temperature Superconductors Inc” is also now defunct, having never produced any “room temperature superconductors.” Evidently there’s a limit to how many years in a row the same company can claim it will finally have something to demonstrate “next year.” Now Goldes has a new scamporation, Chava Energy.
    Goldes’ current favorite scam is an engine that would run on ambient heat – which is clearly  ruled out by the Second Law of Thermodynamics. But of course, the laws of physics always make an exception for the scams of Mark Goldes.
    Mark Goldes is a textbook-ready example of a highly talented con artist who clearly takes pleasure in fooling people with his ludicrous claims, artfully peppered with pseudoscientific rubbish.
    Make no mistake: Mark Goldes’ scamtastic Aesop Institute is a ZERO-STAR nonprofit.
    Let’s look at just one example of Goldes’ offerings in “revolutionary new technology:”
    Most Ludicrous Scamvention: Mark Goldes’ “POWERGENIE”
    One of the most laughable of Mark Goldes’ many invention scams is his “POWERGENIE” horn-powered generator. The brilliant idea of this revolutionary breakthrough is to blow a horn at a magnetized tuning rod, designed to resonate at the frequency of the horn, and then collect the electromotive energy produced by the vibrations of the rod.
    I’m not making this up.
    POWERGENIE tuning rod engine explained – from the patent:
    [The device incorporates] “an energy transfer and multiplier element being constructed of a ferromagnetic substance… having a natural resonance, due to a physical structure whose dimensions are directly proportional to the wavelength of the resonance frequency…”
    “In this resonant condition, the rod material functions as a tuned waveguide, or longitudinal resonator, for acoustic energy.”
    “Ferrite rod 800 is driven to acoustic resonance at the second harmonic of its fundamental resonant frequency by acoustic horn 811, resulting in acoustic wave 816 within the rod having two nodal points… Bias magnet 801 produces magnetic flux 802 extending axially through both nodal points developed within rod 800… The sum electromotive force of coils 820 and 821 develops electrical current and power in resistive load 830.”
    – But the patent doesn’t tell us who is going to volunteer to blow the horn at the rod all day. Perhaps it will come with an elephant.
    Goldes claimed in 2008 that this wonderful triumph of human genius would bring his company, Magnetic Power Inc, one billion dollars in annual revenue by 2012. Magnetic Power Inc is now defunct, having never produced any “Magnetic Power Modules” – just as his company called “Room Temperature Superconductors Inc” is also now defunct, having never produced any “room temperature superconductors.”

  3. Accelerate breakthrough renewable technologies now being born and
    replace fossil fuels. To the surprise of almost everyone, this can be
    done, far faster than might be imagined.
    See http://www.aesopinstitute.org/
    for one approach. Light up the fact that future cars, trucks and buses,
    can generate and sell electricity when suitably parked, paying for
    themselves in the process.
    Several of these inherently
    cost-competitive energy conversion systems are Black Swans – highly
    improbable inventions with widespread implications.
    An
    innovation in finance allows Angels to invest in the best of these
    remarkable innovations without risk of loss and with an 8% per year
    minimum return.
    Included are systems that use ambient heat,
    convert Zero Point Energy (Nobelist Richard Feynman pointed out there is
    enough in a seemingly empty coffee mug to evaporate the oceans of the
    earth) use water to fuel engines or fuel cells, and numerous dramatic
    improvements in conventional technologies such as batteries.
    Other surprises are room temperature superconductors, which might even store energy magnetically in electron flywheels.
    This approach will force down the cost of oil and other fossil fuels and make pipelines unprofitable.
    Here is a course of action open to individuals and not dependent on
    government action. It has a surprisingly high probability of success.

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