Home Environment Climate Change

Sea Sponges Could Be Used to Detect Climate Change and Water Pollution


Kuo Yang and Susanne Zeile, guided by Prof. Wei Zhang discovered that sea sponges can tell whether they’ve suffered changes because of climate change or other pollutants in the water they live in.

They performed tests on sea sponges by artificially increasing water temperatures, adding pollutants or modifying the acidity levels. The results have been red by looking for any changes in the cellular structure of the sponges (biomarkers).

“Sponges are more sensitive than other marine creatures because they’re filter-feeding organisms, they suck in about 20 times their own volume of water every minute to get food so they’re more exposed to the water and as a result more sensitive to the conditions,” said Yang.

Unlike fish, sea sponges can detect even trace amounts of oil, just because they don’t move around, but soak it.

The biomarkers that the researchers are looking for are any change in color, shape, size, attachment and a certain protein that the sponge releases when stressed.

[via phys.org]

(Visited 211 times, 1 visits today)



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.